Details of...
Scientific Name: Abies fraseri
Pronunciation: AY-beez FRAY-zer-aye
Common Name: Fraser fir
Family Name: Pinaceae
Plant Type: Conifer
Key ID Features: Needles short (< 2.5 cm), flat, tips rounded; leaf scars rounded; female cones with protruding, rounded bracts.
Course(s): HORT 1155

Habit: Dense, Stiffly upright
Form: Pyramidal - narrowly
Texture: Medium
Mature Size:
Height:15 - 22m
Spread:7 - 10m
Growth Rate:Slow
Origin: U.S. - northeast (Appalachian Mountains, E US)
Hardiness Rating: Zone 4: (-34 to -29 C)
Exposure: Full sun
Soil/ Growing Medium: Well-drained
Water Use: Moderate
Landscape Uses: Forestry, Group or mass planting, Hedge row, Screening, Shade tree, Specimen plant, Tall background, Wind break
Additional Info: Google Compare to balsam fir which lacks the protruding cone bracts.
Fraser fir
Leaf Morphology:
Form: Needle-like
Arrangement: Spiraled
Texture/ Venation: Leathery
Surfaces: Lustrous, Tomentose
Colour in Fall: Silver / Grayish
Leaf(let) Terms:
Shapes: Acicular, Linear
Apices: Rounded
Bases: Truncate
Additional Info: grooved above

Inflorescence Type: n/a (male cone)
Flower Morphology:Monoecious plant
Colour (petals): Male Cone, Brown
Flower Time at Peak: Mar, Apr

Fruit Type: Cone (winged seeds)
Fruit Colour: Brown
Fruiting Time:

Bark Morphology: Smooth, Moderately fissured
Bark or Stem Colour: Brown
Leaf Bud Type: Ovoid
Leaf Scar Shape:Round
Organ Modifications: Ectomycorrhizae

Pest Susceptibility: Pest resistant, Disease resistant, Aphids or adelgids
(GRBE) GRass Bed East
(JPL) Juglans PLanting
(NRY) NuRserY
(TFL) Turf Field Lab
(TFLN) Turf Field Lab North
(TFLW) Turf Field Lab West
(WDH) Wark-Dumais House
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