Details of...
Scientific Name: Echinacea purpurea
Pronunciation: eck-ih-NAY-see-uh pur-PUR-ee-uh
Common Name: coneflower, echinacea, purple coneflower
Family Name: Asteraceae
Plant Type: Flowering cut plant, Herbaceous perennial
Key ID Features: Herbaceous perennial; leaves lanceolate, serrate with a strongly acute tip; inflorescence head with purple-pink ray florets angled downwards, surrounding cone of disk florets. Winter ID: head of seeds (achenes).
Course(s): HORT 1155, Level 1 Apprenticeship, CLT Training

Habit: Spreading, Stiffly upright
Form: Mounded
Texture: Medium - coarse
Mature Size:
Height:0.7 - 1.3m
Spread:0.6 - 1.0m
Growth Rate:Moderate
Origin: U.S. - northeast
Hardiness Rating: Zone 3: (-40 to -34 C)
Exposure: Full sun
Soil/ Growing Medium: Well-drained
Water Use: Low
Landscape Uses: Accent plant, Attract butterflies, Cut flower or foliage, Dried flower or fruit, Fall interest, Group or mass planting, Herb, Perennial border, Summer interest
Additional Info: Google. Cultivars shown or on campus may include E. 'Ruby Star', E. 'Magnus', E. 'Mango Meadowbrite', E. 'White Swan', E. 'Gum Drop', and E. 'Secret Passion'.
coneflower, echinacea, purple coneflower
Leaf Morphology:
Form: Simple
Arrangement: Alternate, Basal
Texture/ Venation: Pinnate venation, Soft flexible
Surfaces: Glandular hairs, Tomentose
Colour in Summer: Bluish, Green
Colour in Fall: Green
Leaf(let) Terms:
Shapes: Lanceolate, Ovate
Apices: Acuminate
Bases: Cuneate, Obtuse
Margins: Dentate, Serrate

Inflorescence Type: Floriferous, Head (capitulum)
Flower Morphology:
Corolla Shape:Ligulate
Ovary Position:Inferior
Colour (petals): Showy, Violet, Orange, Purple, Pink, Yellow, (pink-purplish flowers (ray florets of cultivars may be white, yellow, orange, etc.))
Flower Scent: None
Flower Time at Peak: Jul, Aug, Sep

Fruit Type: Achene
Fruit Colour: Black, Brown
Fruiting Time: Sep, Oct
Additional Info: Not showy, Persistent

Bark or Stem Colour: Green, Red
Organ Modifications: Rhizomes

Propagation: Seed, Division - below ground parts
Pest Susceptibility: Pest resistant, Disease resistant, Drought resistant, Leaf miner insect
(AGB) Acer Griseum Bed
(BCW) Boulevard (Circular) Westend : q.6
(BUG) BUG garden : cv. White Swan
(GRB) GRass Bed
(GRBE) GRass Bed East : cv. Magnus
(PDE) PonD East : cvs. Secret Passion, Gum Drop
(PDW) PonD West : cv. Gum Drop
(SQC) SeQuoiadendron Courtyard
(WLG) WoodLand Garden : cv. Mango Meadowbright
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