Details of...
Scientific Name: Hedera helix
Pronunciation: HED-ur-uh HEE-licks
Common Name: English ivy
Family Name: Araliaceae
Plant Type: Broadleaf evergreen, Ground cover, Indoor foliage plant, Invasive plant, Vine or climber, Weed (horticultural)
Key ID Features: Invasive evergreen ground cover or climber that roots at leaf nodes; leaves mostly ovate, glossy, dark green with yellow-green veins: juvenile leaves 3-5 lobed; mature leaves unlobed.
Course(s): HORT 1155, Level 1 Apprenticeship, CLT Training

Habit: Dense, Spreading
Form: Climbing, Creeping / Mat-like, Mounded
Texture: Medium - coarse
Mature Size:
Height:15 - 22m
Spread:10 - 15m
Growth Rate:Fast
Origin: Europe
Hardiness Rating: Zone 5: (-29 to -23 C)
Exposure: Deep shade, Full sun
Soil/ Growing Medium:
Water Use: Low
Landscape Uses: Attract beneficial insects, Attract birds, Erosion control, Filler, Group or mass planting, Indoor plant
Additional Info: Google. Many cvs. varying in leaf colors (variegation), shape, and size. Cultivars on campus include H. ‘Glacier’, and H. 'Golden Child'.
English ivy
Leaf Morphology:
Form: Lobed, Simple
Arrangement: Alternate
Texture/ Venation: Leathery, Palmate venation, Pinnate venation
Surfaces: Lustrous, Pubescent
Colour in Summer: Green, Dark-green
Colour in Fall: Green, Red
Leaf(let) Terms:
Shapes: Elliptic, Ovate
Apices: Acute, Rounded, Truncate
Bases: Cordate, Truncate
Margins: Entire, Pinnately lobed
Additional Info: Young stem and leaves with white stellate hairs. Juvenile leaves form on creeping parts of plant: ovate, entire or lobed, with pale venation and cordate base. Mature leaf forms occur on climbing parts of plants, ovate to elliptic with rounded or truncate base. Compare leaf forms.

Inflorescence Type: Umbel
Flower Morphology:Flowers perfect
Number of Petals:5
Colour (petals): Not showy, White, Green, Green-yellow
Flower Scent: None
Flower Time at Peak: Sep, Oct
Additional Info: Flower Images

Fruit Type: Drupe
Fruit Colour: Black, (black for common subspecies but others may be orange to yellow when ripe)
Fruiting Time: Feb, Mar, Apr
Additional Info: Fruit insignificant

Bark or Stem Colour:
Organ Modifications: Adventitious roots, Rhizomes, not all subspecies produce rhizomes

Propagation: Seed, Softwood cuttings, Layering
Plant Care:
Optimal Temp.: Low indoor temperature
Light Level:Low indoor light level
Pest Susceptibility: Pest resistant, Disease resistant, Fungal leaf spot, Mites, Scale insects, Anthracnose, Mold, Bacterial leaf spot
Specific Pests: Colletotrichum leaf spot fungus
(CGW) Community Garden West : variegated
(GAZ) GAZebo
(GAZN) GAZebo North : cv. Glacier
(ONW) Overpass North side West : cv. Golden Child
(OSS) Overpass planting South Side
Location Map

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