Scientific Name: Aquilegia vulgaris
Common Name: European columbine
Family Name: Ranunculaceae
Origin: Europe
Hardiness Zone: Zone 3: (-40 to -34 °C)
Plant Type: Herbaceous perennial
Mature Size: 0.7 - 1.3m x 0.3 - 0.6m (height x width)
Habit: Upright
Form: Pyramidal - widely
Texture: Medium
Landscape Uses: Attract beneficial insects, Attract birds, Perennial border, Rock garden, Woodland margin
Exposure: Full sun, Part sun/part shade
Soil or Media:
Leaves: Compound, Alternate, Basal, Soft flexible, Glabrous, Odd-pinnate, Bipinnate, Oblong, Dentate
Flowers: White, Blue, Violet, Pink, Red, Apr-May
Fruit: Aggregate fruit, Follicle, Brown
Key ID Features:
Leaves on stems divided into lobed leaflets that are usually three-lobed at the tips; flowers radially symmetical, petals 5, each with a broad lip (lamina) and hooked spur directed along the petiole (often coloured the same shade as the large petal-like sepals).