Scientific Name: Arbutus menziesii
Common Name: arbutus, madrona
Family Name: Ericaceae
Origin: B.C. west of Cascades, U.S. - northwest, U.S. - southwest
Hardiness Zone: Zone 7: (-18 to -12 °C)
Plant Type: Broadleaf evergreen
Mature Size: 22 - 30m x 10 - 15m (height x width)
Habit: Spreading, Upright
Form: Oval - vertical
Texture: Medium - coarse
Landscape Uses: Attract beneficial insects, Attract birds, Native planting, Shade tree, Specimen plant, Tall background, Wildlife food, Winter interest, Woodland margin
Exposure: Full sun
Soil or Media: Acidic, Rocky or gravelly or dry
Leaves: Simple, Alternate, Leathery, Glabrous, Lustrous, Oblong, Entire, Serrate
Flowers: Panicle, White, May-Jun
Fruit: Berry (true), Orange, Red, Sep-Oct
Key ID Features:
Exfoliating reddish-brown outer bark with a greenish-brown inner bark; leaves leathery, alternate, most blades oblong, 8-14cm long x 3-7cm wide, petioles 2-3cm long; flowers urn-shaped, about 8mm wide, in late spring; fruit reddish-orange and bumpy.