Scientific Name: Betula papyrifera
Common Name: paper birch
Family Name: Betulaceae
Origin: North America
Hardiness Zone: Zone 2: (-46 to -40 °C)
Plant Type: Tree - deciduous
Mature Size: 10 - 15m x 7 - 10m (height x width)
Habit: Stiffly upright
Form: Oval - vertical
Texture: Medium
Landscape Uses: Specimen plant, Winter interest
Exposure: Full sun
Soil or Media: Acidic, Well-drained
Leaves: Simple, Alternate, Soft flexible, Glabrous, Ovate, Double serrate
Flowers: Catkin (ament), Yellow, Green, Mar-Apr
Fruit: Nut, Brown, Sep-Oct
Key ID Features:
Leaves dark green, most blades ovate, 7-11cm long x 5-7cm wide; irregularly serrate-small toothed; male catkins pendulous, 10-20cm long, yellow, Mar-Apr; female catkins 2-3cm long, green. Winter ID: bark has dark spots or checks (not as white on older trees compared to B. utilis var. jacquemontii); most twigs end with immature male catkins instead of a terminal bud; lateral buds conical, 7-9mm long, gummy, green to red-brown.