Scientific Name: Brassica oleracea (Italica Group)
Common Name: broccoli
Family Name: Brassicaceae
Origin: Europe, Garden origin
Hardiness Zone: Zone 2: (-46 to -40 °C)
Plant Type: Annual, Biennial
Mature Size: 0.4 - 0.7m x 0.6 - 1.0m (height x width)
Habit: Arching
Form: Mounded
Texture: Very coarse
Landscape Uses: Urban agriculture
Exposure: Full sun
Soil or Media: Humus rich, Well-drained
Leaves: Simple, Lobed, Alternate, Leathery, Pinnate venation, Glabrous, Elliptic, Obovate, Pinnately lobed, Undulate (wavy)
Flowers: Panicle, Yellow, Sep-Oct
Fruit: Silique, Green-yellow, Oct
Key ID Features:
Leaves basal, most blades braodly elliptic to obovate, 12-20cm long x 8-12cm wide, margins lobed and wavy; flower buds green, large and in tight, terminal clusters at the ends of thick edible stems, becomes a bloom of bright yellow forets in an upright panicle (if the buds are not harvested).