Scientific Name: Carpinus betulus
Common Name: European hornbeam
Family Name: Betulaceae
Origin: Europe
Hardiness Zone: Zone 5: (-29 to -23 °C)
Plant Type: Tree - deciduous
Mature Size: 22 - 30m x 15 - 25m (height x width)
Habit: Fastigiate, Stiffly upright, Twiggy
Form: Oval - vertical, Pyramidal - narrowly, Round
Texture: Medium
Landscape Uses: Group or mass planting, Hedge row, Screening, Street (boulevard tree)
Exposure: Full sun
Soil or Media: Well-drained
Leaves: Simple, Alternate, Soft flexible, Heavily veined, Pinnate venation, Glabrous, Elliptic, Ovate, Double serrate
Flowers: Catkin (ament), Green-yellow, Apr-May
Fruit: Nut, Brown, Sep-Oct
Key ID Features:
Leaves alternate, most blades elliptic, 6-9cm long x 2-4cm wide, 11-13 pairs of veins run parallel off the midrib, margins toothed and double serrate. Winter ID: twigs zigzag, red-brown with prominent tan lenticels; buds appressed, scaly, reddish brown, pubsecent, 6-11mm long.