Scientific Name: Crataegus douglasii
Common Name: black hawthorn
Family Name: Rosaceae
Origin: B.C. west of Cascades, U.S. - northeast, U.S. - northwest, U.S. - southwest
Hardiness Zone: Zone 5: (-29 to -23 °C)
Plant Type: Tree - deciduous
Mature Size: 7 - 10m x 5 - 7m (height x width)
Habit: Irregular, Spreading, Twiggy, Upright
Form: Irregular, Round
Texture: Medium
Landscape Uses: Attract birds, Erosion control, Group or mass planting, Herb, Security/barrier, Spring interest, Wildlife food, Woodland margin
Exposure: Full sun, Part sun/part shade
Soil or Media: Rocky or gravelly or dry, Well-drained
Leaves: Simple, Lobed, Alternate, Leathery, Pinnate venation, Pubescent, Obovate, Ovate, Double serrate, Pinnately lobed
Flowers: Cyme, White, May
Fruit: Edible, Pome, Purple, Black, Sep-Oct
Key ID Features:
Thorns 1-2cm long, reddish-brown; leaves alternate, most blades obovate, 5-7cm long x 4-5cm wide, bi-serrate to slightly lobed, petioles 1-2cm long; flowers white, saucer-shape, May-June; pomes ovoid, reddish maturing black when ripe, about 1cm long. Winter ID: thorns, persistent fruit.