Scientific Name: Crataegus monogyna
Common Name: common hawthorn
Family Name: Rosaceae
Origin: Europe
Hardiness Zone: Zone 5: (-29 to -23 °C)
Plant Type: Shrub - deciduous, Tree - deciduous, Weed (horticultural)
Mature Size: 10 - 15m x 7 - 10m (height x width)
Habit: Dense, Upright
Form: Oval - vertical
Texture: Medium
Landscape Uses: Attract birds, Hedge row, Spring interest
Exposure: Full sun, Part sun/part shade
Soil or Media:
Leaves: Simple, Lobed, Alternate, Soft flexible, Palmate venation, Glabrous, Ovate, Serrate
Flowers: Cyme, White, May
Fruit: Edible, Pome, Red, Dark-red, Sep-Oct, (Persistent)
Key ID Features:
Small tree 5–14m tall, with a dense thorny crown; leaves alternate, most blades ovate, 4-7cm long x 2-6cm wide, with 5-7 serrate lobes, petioles 1.5-2.5cm long; corymbs with florets about 1.5cm wide, 5 white petals, 10 anthers turn pink-red to nearly black, May,, moderately fragrant; pomes dark red, oval, about 1cm long, single seed. Winter ID: persistent fruit; thorns. Deciduous tree, 20-30 ft (6-9m); dense, rounded headed. Thrones to 2.5cm. Leaves alternate, simple, 2-6.5cm long, 3-7 lobed, deeply incised, glossy green. Flowers white, 8-15mm wide, with a single style (single ovary or stone, hence monogyna , i.e., with one pistil, the female element of a flower), in clusters (umbelate). Fruit oblong, 1cm diam., red, with a single stone (seed).