Scientific Name: Crataegus phaenopyrum
Common Name: Washington hawthorn
Family Name: Rosaceae
Origin: U.S. - northeast
Hardiness Zone: Zone 4: (-34 to -29 °C)
Plant Type: Tree - deciduous
Mature Size: 7 - 10m x 4 - 5m (height x width)
Habit: Arching, Upright
Form: Pyramidal - widely, Round
Texture: Medium
Landscape Uses: Attract birds, Attract butterflies, Erosion control, Fall interest, Hedge row, Herb, Security/barrier, Specimen plant, Spring interest, Wildlife food, Woodland margin
Exposure: Full sun
Soil or Media: Rocky or gravelly or dry, Well-drained
Leaves: Simple, Alternate, Leathery, Lustrous, Deltoid, Ovate, Dentate, Serrate
Flowers: Cyme, White, May
Fruit: Edible, Pome, Orange, Sep-Oct, (Persistent)
Key ID Features:
Stems with thorns to 2cm; leaves alternate, ovate-deltoid, most blades 5-8cm long x 3-5cm wide, irregularly toothed and serrate (even at bases - unlike black hawthorn); flowers white, saucer-shape, May-June; fruit orange berry-like pomes. Winter ID: reddish twigs with thorns, persistent fruit.