Scientific Name: Fagus grandifolia
Common Name: American beech
Family Name: Fagaceae
Origin: Canada - eastern, U.S. - northeast
Hardiness Zone: Zone 3: (-40 to -34 °C)
Plant Type: Tree - deciduous
Mature Size: 22 - 30m x 15 - 25m (height x width)
Habit: Spreading, Twiggy, Upright
Form: Oval - vertical, Round
Texture: Medium
Landscape Uses: Screening, Specimen plant, Street (boulevard tree), Tall background, Wildlife food, Wind break, Woodland margin
Exposure: Full sun, Part sun/part shade, Filtered shade, Deep shade
Soil or Media: Humus rich, Well-drained
Leaves: Simple, Alternate, Leathery, Pinnate venation, Glabrous, Lustrous, Pubescent, Elliptic, Ovate, Serrate
Flowers: Flowers clustered, White, Yellow, Green, Apr
Fruit: Edible, Nut, (Accessory tissue), Brown, Sep-Oct
Key ID Features:
Leaves alternate, most ovate, 7-9cm long x 4-5cm wide, tips acuminate, margins wavy, serrate, downward pointing, 9-14 pairs of parallel major veins, petioles about 5mm long; fruit appears like a 4-sided spiky capsule. Winter ID: twigs zigzag, about 2mm wide; buds 8-15mm long x 2-4mm wide, reddish-brown (very similar to European beech); leaf scar off-centred, most crescent shaped with 3 groups of bundle scars.