Scientific Name: Monarda didyma cvs.
Common Name: bee balm
Family Name: Lamiaceae
Origin: Canada - eastern, U.S. - northeast
Hardiness Zone: Zone 3: (-40 to -34 °C)
Plant Type: Herbaceous perennial
Mature Size: 0.7 - 1.3m x 0.3 - 0.6m (height x width)
Habit: Arching, Dense, Spreading, Upright
Form: Oval - vertical
Texture: Medium
Landscape Uses: Attract beneficial insects, Attract birds, Attract butterflies, Cut flower or foliage, Dried flower or fruit, Fall interest, Fragrance, Group or mass planting, Herb, Mixed shrub border, Perennial border, Summer interest, Tall background, Waterside planting
Exposure: Full sun only if soil kept moist, Part sun/part shade
Soil or Media: Acidic, Humus rich, Well-drained
Leaves: Simple, Opposite, Soft flexible, Heavily veined, Pinnate venation, Glabrous, Pubescent, Distinctive smell, Ovate, Serrate
Flowers: Verticillaster, Red, Jul-Aug-Sep
Fruit: Schizocarp, Brown, Sep-Oct
Key ID Features:
Stems four sided; leaves opposite, margins serrate, petioles red, scented like bergamot orange; inflorescence a dense globular, terminal verticillaster (head-like with some cvs. superficially like coneflower), outer florets 3-4cm long.