Scientific Name: Paeonia lactiflora (incl. hybrid cvs.)
Common Name: garden peony, Chinese peony
Family Name: Paeoniaceae
Origin: Central / west Asia, Garden origin, S.E. Asia / Japan / China
Hardiness Zone: Zone 6: (-23 to -18 °C)
Plant Type: Flowering cut plant, Herbaceous perennial
Mature Size: 0.4 - 0.7m x 0.6 - 1.0m (height x width)
Habit: Upright
Form: Vase
Texture: Coarse
Landscape Uses: Cut flower or foliage, Fall interest, Floristry, Group or mass planting, Mixed shrub border, Perennial border, Specimen plant, Spring interest
Exposure: Full sun, Part sun/part shade, Sheltered
Soil or Media: Humus rich, Well-drained
Leaves: Lobed, Compound, Alternate, Soft flexible, Pinnate venation, Glabrous, Odd-pinnate, Tripinnate, Biternate, Elliptic, Lanceolate, Entire, Incised, Undulate (wavy)
Flowers: Flowers solitary, White, Pink, Red, Dark-red, May-Jun
Fruit: Aggregate fruit, Follicle, Aborted (hybrids) or absent, Brown, Aug-Sep
Key ID Features:
Stems weak, smooth, green to red, and <70cm tall; leaves mostly with three leaflets with at least the end leaflet with 3 deep lobes; flower buds grow 2-3cm round before opening, flowers up to 10cm wide, white to pink, many petals; fruit an agrregate of 5 hard follicles 2-3cm long x 1-1.5cm wide.