Scientific Name: Sassafras albidum
Common Name: sassafras
Family Name: Lauraceae
Origin: Canada - eastern
Hardiness Zone: Zone 4: (-34 to -29 °C)
Plant Type: Tree - deciduous
Mature Size: 7 - 10m x 5 - 7m (height x width)
Habit: Stiffly upright
Form: Pyramidal - narrowly
Texture: Coarse
Landscape Uses: Attract birds, Fall interest, Specimen plant, Woodland margin
Exposure: Full sun, Part sun/part shade
Soil or Media: Acidic, Humus rich, Rocky or gravelly or dry, Well-drained
Leaves: Simple, Lobed, Alternate, Pinnate venation, Palmate venation, Glabrous, Obovate, Entire
Flowers: Flowers clustered, Yellow, Green-yellow, Apr-May
Fruit: Drupe, Blue, Black, Aug-Sep
Key ID Features:
Leaves alternate, elliptic when unlobed to ovate or obovate when two or three-lobed (often on the same branch), 5-10cm wide by 10-15cm long on short petioles; florets in pendulous racemes up to 5cm long in early spring shortly before the leaves appear, yellow to greenish-yellow, with 5-6 tepals; drupes dark blue-black drupe 1cm long on a red fleshy club-shaped pedicel 2cm long, ripening in late summer. Winter ID: bark and twigs with cinnamon-like aroma when cut; alternating buds about 6mm long.