Scientific Name: Syringa vulgaris
Common Name: common lilac
Family Name: Oleaceae
Origin: Europe
Hardiness Zone: Zone 2: (-46 to -40 °C)
Plant Type: Shrub - deciduous
Mature Size: 5 - 7m x 4 - 5m (height x width)
Habit: Stiffly upright
Form: Irregular
Texture: Medium - coarse
Landscape Uses: Attract birds, Attract butterflies, Cut flower or foliage, Fragrance, Hedge row, Mixed shrub border, Screening, Spring interest
Exposure: Full sun
Soil or Media: Alkaline
Leaves: Simple, Opposite, Whorled, Soft flexible, Glabrous, Ovate, Entire, Sinuate
Flowers: Thyrse, White, Violet, Purple, Apr-May
Fruit: Capsule, Brown, Aug-Sep, (Persistent)
Key ID Features:
Leaves opposite (rarely in whorls of 3), ovate, 8-12cm long x 4-6cm wide, base cordate, margin entire; panicles (thyrse) of highly fragrant florets, 4 petals, violet-purple, Apr-May. Winter ID: twigs 4-sided, glabrous, buds opposite, 3-5mm long, smooth, green, single crescent-shaped vascular bundle scar; terminal buds in pairs; opened capsules.