Scientific Name: Taraxacum officinale
Common Name: dandelion
Family Name: Asteraceae
Origin: Europe
Hardiness Zone: Zone 4: (-34 to -29 °C)
Plant Type: Herbaceous perennial, Weed (horticultural)
Mature Size: 0.1 - 0.2m x 0.1 - 0.3m (height x width)
Habit: Spreading, Upright
Form: Creeping / Mat-like
Texture: Medium
Landscape Uses: Attract beneficial insects, Herb, Medicinal plant, Wildlife food
Exposure: Full sun, Part sun/part shade
Soil or Media: Rocky or gravelly or dry
Leaves: Simple, Basal, Soft flexible, Pinnate venation, Glabrous, Lustrous, Oblanceolate, Dentate, Pinnately lobed
Flowers: Head (capitulum), Yellow, Mar-Apr-May-Jun-Jul-Aug-Oct
Fruit: Achene, Cypsela (achene + calyx), Brown, Silver, Apr-May-Jun-Jul-Aug-Sep
Key ID Features:
Weed; leaves narrow with pointed lobes, tips of lobes arching towards plant; stem is pale green, thick, fleshy and hollow; flower large yellow head of ray and disc florets; fruit white, furry ball of seeds (achenes/ cypselas).