Scientific Name: Urtica dioica
Common Name: stinging nettle
Family Name: Urticaceae
Origin: Canada - northern, U.S. - central, U.S. - northeast, U.S. - northwest, U.S. - southwest
Hardiness Zone: Zone 3: (-40 to -34 °C)
Plant Type: Herbaceous perennial, Weed (horticultural)
Mature Size: 1.3 - 2.0m x 0.1 - 0.3m (height x width)
Habit: Stiffly upright
Form: Oval - vertical
Texture: Medium
Landscape Uses: Attract beneficial insects, Attract birds, Attract butterflies, Herb, Medicinal plant
Exposure: Full sun, Part sun/part shade, Filtered shade
Soil or Media:
Leaves: Simple, Opposite, Prickly, Tomentose, Ovate, Serrate
Flowers: Panicle, Green-yellow, Jun-Jul-Aug-Sep
Fruit: Achene, Green, Jul-Aug-Sep
Key ID Features:
Leaves opposite, simple, ovate, and deeply serrated with petioles and stipules and covered with fine stinging hairs on the margins and underside of leaves; florets 1-2mm long with 4 green sepals and no petals; fruit an achene 1-1.5mm long.