Scientific Name: Vicia cracca
Common Name: tufted vetch, bird vetch
Family Name: Fabaceae
Origin: Europe
Hardiness Zone: Zone 3: (-40 to -34 °C)
Plant Type: Herbaceous perennial, Invasive plant, Vine or climber, Weed (horticultural)
Mature Size: 1.3 - 2.0m x 2 - 3m (height x width)
Habit: Spreading
Form: Climbing
Texture: Fine
Landscape Uses: Wildlife food
Exposure: Full sun, Part sun/part shade
Soil or Media: Rocky or gravelly or dry, Well-drained
Leaves: Compound, Alternate, Soft flexible, Glabrous, Even-pinnate, Lanceolate, Entire
Flowers: Raceme, Violet, May-Jun-Jul-Aug-Sep-Oct
Fruit: Legume, Brown, Jul-Aug-Sep
Key ID Features:
Aggressive choking weed; leaves pinnately compound with 12-24 linear leaflets, most 11-24mm long x 3-5mm wide, some at blade ends form as branched tendrils; racemes axillary, with 20-70 narrow florets on one side, violet to reddish-purple; legumes 1.5-3cm long, brown- nearly black, each with 4-8 seeds.