Scientific Name: Vicia sativa
Common Name: common vetch
Family Name: Fabaceae
Origin: Europe
Hardiness Zone: Zone 5: (-29 to -23 °C)
Plant Type: Annual, Weed (horticultural)
Mature Size: 0.7 - 1.3m x 0.3 - 0.6m (height x width)
Habit: Spreading
Form: Climbing
Texture: Medium - fine
Landscape Uses: Urban agriculture
Exposure: Full sun, Part sun/part shade
Soil or Media:
Leaves: Compound, Alternate, Soft flexible, Pinnate venation, Glabrous, Even-pinnate, Oblong, Entire
Flowers: Flowers paired, Purple, Pink, May-Jun
Fruit: Legume, Brown, Jul-Aug
Key ID Features:
Hollow, four-sided, stems to 2m long; leaves alternate, compound, and stipulate, with 3-8 pairs of linear, lance-shaped, leaflets up to 3.5 centimeters long, each ending in a branched tendril; flowers pea-like, occur in the leaf axils, solitary or in pairs, petals 1-3cm long, usually bright pink to purple; legume to 7cm long.