Details of...
Scientific Name: Abies fraseri
Pronunciation: AY-beez FRAY-zer-aye
Common Name: Fraser fir
Family Name: Pinaceae
Plant Type: Conifer
Key ID Features: Needles short (<2.5 cm), flat, tips rounded; leaf scars rounded; female cones with protruding, rounded bracts.
Course(s): HORT 1155

Habit: Dense, Stiffly upright
Form: Pyramidal - narrowly
Texture: Medium
Mature Size:
Height:15 - 22m
Spread:7 - 10m
Growth Rate:Slow
Origin: U.S. - northeast (Appalachian Mountains, E US)
Hardiness Rating: Zone 4: (-34 to -29 C)
Exposure: Full sun
Soil/ Growing Medium: Well-drained
Water Use: Moderate
Landscape Uses: Forestry, Group or mass planting, Hedge row, Screening, Shade tree, Specimen plant, Tall background, Wind break
Additional Info: balsam fir which lacks the protruding cone bracts.
Fraser fir
Leaf Morphology: Glossary
Form: Needle-like
Arrangement: Spiraled
Texture/ Venation: Leathery
Surfaces: Lustrous, Tomentose
Colour in Fall: Silver / Grayish
Leaf(let) Terms:
Shapes: Acicular, Linear
Apices: Rounded
Bases: Attenuate
Margins: Entire
Additional Info: grooved above

Inflorescence Type: n/a (male cone)
Flower Morphology:Monoecious plant
Colour (petals): No flowers, Brown
Flower Time at Peak: Mar, Apr

Fruit Type: Cone (winged seeds)
Fruit Colour: Brown
Fruiting Time: Sep, Oct

Bark Morphology: Smooth, Moderately fissured
Bark or Stem Colour: Brown
Leaf Bud Type: Ovoid
Leaf Scar Shape:Round
Organ Modifications: Ectomycorrhizae

Pest Susceptibility: Aphids or adelgids, ( Pest resistant, Disease resistant )
(GRBE) GRass Bed East
(JPL) Juglans PLanting
(NRY) NuRserY
(TFLN) Turf Field Lab North
(TFLW) Turf Field Lab West
(WDH) Wark-Dumais House
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