Details of...
Scientific Name: Taraxacum officinale
Pronunciation: ta-RAKS-uh-kum oh-fiss-ih-NAH-lee
Common Name: dandelion
Family Name: Asteraceae
Plant Type: Weed (horticultural), Herbaceous perennial
Key ID Features: Weed; leaves narrow with pointed lobes, tips of lobes arching towards plant; stem is pale green, thick, fleshy and hollow; flower large yellow head of ray and disc florets; fruit white, furry ball of seeds (achenes/ cypselas).
Course(s): HORT 1155, Level 2 Apprenticeship

Habit: Spreading, Upright
Form: Creeping / Mat-like
Texture: Medium
Mature Size:
Height:0.1 - 0.2m
Spread:0.1 - 0.3m
Growth Rate:Moderate
Origin: Europe
Hardiness Rating: Zone 4: (-34 to -29 C)
Exposure: Full sun, Part sun/part shade
Soil/ Growing Medium: Rocky or gravelly or dry
Water Use: Low
Landscape Uses: Attract beneficial insects, Herb, Medicinal plant, Wildlife food
Additional Info: Google
Leaf Morphology: Glossary
Form: Simple
Arrangement: Basal
Texture/ Venation: Pinnate venation, Soft flexible
Surfaces: Glabrous, Lustrous
Colour in Fall: Green
Leaf(let) Terms:
Shapes: Oblanceolate
Apices: Acute
Bases: Attenuate
Margins: Dentate, Pinnately lobed

Inflorescence Type: Floriferous, Head (capitulum)
Flower Morphology:Flowers perfect
Corolla Shape:Ligulate
Ovary Position:Inferior
Colour (petals): Showy, Yellow
Flower Scent: Sweet
Flower Time at Peak: Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Oct

Fruit Type: Achene, Cypsela (achene + calyx)
Fruit Colour: Silver, Brown
Fruiting Time: Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep

Bark or Stem Colour:
Additional Info:no stem
Organ Modifications: Storage tap root

Propagation: Seed
Pest Susceptibility: Pest resistant, Disease resistant
(WDY) WeeDY location
Location Map

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