Details of...
Scientific Name: Urtica dioica
Pronunciation: UR-ti-kuh dye-OH-ih-kuh
Common Name: stinging nettle
Family Name: Urticaceae
Plant Type: Herbaceous perennial, Weed (horticultural)
Key ID Features: Leaves opposite, simple, ovate, and deeply serrated with petioles and stipules and covered with fine stinging hairs on the margins and underside of leaves; florets 1-2 mm long with 4 green sepals and no petals; fruit an achene 1-1.5 mm long.
Course(s): not used (on campus)

Habit: Stiffly upright
Form: Oval - vertical
Texture: Medium
Mature Size:
Height:1.3 - 2.0m
Spread:0.1 - 0.3m
Origin: Canada - northern, U.S. - central, U.S. - northeast, U.S. - northwest, U.S. - southwest
Hardiness Rating: Zone 3: (-40 to -34 C)
Exposure: Filtered shade, Full sun, Part sun/part shade
Soil/ Growing Medium:
Water Use: Moderate
Landscape Uses: Attract beneficial insects, Attract birds, Attract butterflies, Herb, Medicinal plant
Additional Info: Google
stinging nettle
Leaf Morphology: Glossary
Form: Simple
Arrangement: Opposite
Texture/ Venation: Prickly
Surfaces: Tomentose
Colour in Fall: Green
Leaf(let) Terms:
Shapes: Ovate
Apices: Acute
Margins: Serrate

Inflorescence Type: Panicle
Flower Morphology:Monoecious plant
Number of Petals:0
Ovary Position:Perigynous
Colour (petals): Not showy, Green-yellow
Flower Time at Peak: Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep
Additional Info: Subspecies gracilis is monoecious

Fruit Type: Achene
Fruit Colour: Green
Fruiting Time: Jul, Aug, Sep
Additional Info: Not showy

Bark or Stem Colour:
Organ Modifications: Rhizomes

Propagation: Seed, Division - below ground parts
Pest Susceptibility: Pest resistant, Disease resistant, Deer resistant, Rabbit resistant
(TFL) Turf Field Lab
(TFLW) Turf Field Lab West
(WDH) Wark-Dumais House
(WDY) WeeDY location
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