Details of...
Scientific Name: Mentha x piperita
Pronunciation: MEN-thuh ex pye-PAR-ih-tuh
Common Name: peppermint
Family Name: Lamiaceae
Plant Type: Herbaceous perennial
Key ID Features: Peppermint taste; leaves ovate, to 9 cm long, opposite, sharply serrated, major veins turning red; stems turning reddish, square in c.s.
Course(s): HORT 1155, HORT 1193/1293

Habit: Arching, Spreading, Upright
Form: Oval - horizontal
Texture: Medium
Mature Size:
Height:0.7 - 1.3m
Spread:0.6 - 1.0m
Growth Rate:Fast
Origin: Europe, Garden origin (watermint, M. aquatica x spearmint, M. spicata)
Hardiness Rating: Zone 5: (-29 to -23 C)
Exposure: Full sun, Part sun/part shade
Soil/ Growing Medium: Well-drained
Water Use: Moderate
Landscape Uses: Attract beneficial insects, Attract butterflies, Container planting, Cut flower or foliage, Dried flower or fruit, Fragrance, Herb, Medicinal plant, Perennial border
Additional Info: Google
Leaf Morphology: Glossary
Form: Simple
Arrangement: Opposite
Texture/ Venation: Heavily veined, Pinnate venation, Soft flexible
Surfaces: Distinctive smell, Pubescent
Colour in Fall: Green
Leaf(let) Terms:
Shapes: Ovate
Apices: Acute
Bases: Obtuse
Margins: Serrate
Additional Info: Also look for Mentha x piperita ‘Variegata’. Odour less instense than spearmint. Leaves 4 - 9 cm long x 1.5 - 4 cm wide.

Inflorescence Type: Floriferous, Spike-like, Verticillaster
Flower Morphology:Flowers perfect
Number of Petals:5
Corolla Shape:Bilabiate
Ovary Position:Superior
Colour (petals): Showy, Purple
Flower Scent: Lemony
Flower Time at Peak: Jul, Aug, Sep
Additional Info: Florets weakly bilabiate, up to 5 mm wide and may appear to have just four petals

Fruit Type: Aborted (hybrids) or absent, Schizocarp
Fruit Colour:
Fruiting Time: Sep, Oct
Additional Info: Fruit insignificant, Accessory tissue, Ovary separates into four tiny mericarps or "nutlets" that are enclosed in a persistent calyx (rarely form but may cross with spearmint to produce viable seed)

Bark or Stem Colour:
Organ Modifications: Rhizomes, Runners (or stolons)

Propagation: Division - below ground parts
Plant Care:
Pest Susceptibility: Anthracnose, Fungal leaf spot, Rust, ( Pest resistant, Disease resistant, Deer resistant, Rabbit resistant )
(GAZ) GAZebo
(GAZW) GAZebo West
(GNH) GreeNHouse
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