Scientific Name: Betula nigra Form: Oval - vertical
Common Name:river birch Texture:Medium
Family Name:BetulaceaeHabit: Open, Upright, Twiggy
Plant Type: Tree - deciduous Mature Size (ht. X w.):15 - 22m x 10 - 15m
Origin: Canada - eastern, U.S. - northeast Hardiness Zone:Zone 4: (-34 to -29 C)
Leaves: Simple, Alternate, Soft flexible, Lustrous, Pubescent, Ovate, Rhomboidal, Double serrate
Flowers: Catkin (ament), Green-yellow, Apr- May
Fruit: Samara, Brown, Jun- Jul
Exposure: Full sun, Part sun/part shade
Soil or Media: Bog, Well-drained
Landscape Uses: Accent plant, Fall interest, Group or mass planting, Shade tree, Specimen plant, Wetland - bogs, Wildlife food, Winter interest
Key ID Features:Bark shaggy, peeling, red-brown; leaves diamond-shape, rhombic-ovate, biserrate, <8cm; catkins separate female (become conelike, 3-lobe scales) and male (<8cm, yellow-brown), early spring. Winter ID: exfoliating bark,yellow leaves.